African Wildlife Diseases

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Welcome to African Wildlife Diseases

The diagnosis of a disease is important, but knowing it is meaningless unless the why and how it happened, the implications of its presence, and how to deal with it are known. These questions, most of which remain unresolved for African wildlife, are the essence of the reason for the existence of this wiki.

The diseases of African wildlife are important not only for wildlife itself. They are particularly important within the context of the interface between domestic animals, wildlife, humans, and the environment and have an impact on ecosystem health in its broadest sense subject to the consequences of intensification, the increasing competition for the dwindling amount of available land, and the changes in global weather patterns.

This Wiki aims to collate the knowledge of the diseases of African wildlife (land mammals, sea mammals, fish, birds, amphibians, and reptiles) on an on-going basis with emphasis on their epidemiological features, pathogenesis, pathology, diagnosis, and the broad features of managing the individual diseases. It presents current information about the various features obtained from all levels of the community dealing with these species, and all people that are interested in them and work with them.

The content deals with African wildlife within the context of recent developments related to wildlife on the continent. It thus takes congnisance of the patterns of disease associated with free-ranging wildlife, conservation areas and trans-frontier parks, and those in game ranching enterprises and breeding programmes for rare and endangered species.

The information provided is classified and entered according to the traditional causes of disease, and disease by species and organ affected as listed below. When clicking on the broad categories provided, you will be able, by following the relevant links, to access the required information. You can also use the search function on either the left-hand or top right-hand side (depending on the browser that you are using) of the page, to access the required information. In the space provided type in the name of the disease, or its cause.

The maps linked to this wiki strive to reflect the distribution of the various diseases according to country, province and district and as they relate to ecosystems, species distribution, meteorological data, and diseases patterns of humans and domesticated animals.

This site strives to provide information that is scientifically justified and accurate.

Diseases by cause of disease


Disease ecology and the interface


Disease distribution maps


Diseases by species affected


News

Rinderpest research restarts: As moratorium lifts, oversight is put in place to assess studies on eradicated cattle virus. http://www.nature.com/news/rinderpest-research-restarts-1.13394


Pathogenesis and transmission of avian influenza A (H7N9) virus in ferrets and mice Source: http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nature12391.html


MERS may have originated in South African bats, according to new genetic study http://www.medicaldaily.com/articles/17716/20130724/mers-south-africa-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-sars-like-virus.htm?goback=%2Egde_4150696_member_262882013


Current disease events

Further reports of bird flu in ostriches in South Africa. Source: OIE, WAHID weekly disease information 2013; 26 (27) <http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review?page_refer=MapFullEventReport&reportid=13707>


Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever in South Africa. Source: IOL News <http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/mpumalanga/mpumalanga-farmer-down-with-congofever-1.1543432#.Udxp9j54bVS>


Namibia: Anthrax Alert in Caprivi http://allafrica.com/stories/201307251057.html?goback=%2Egde_4150696_member_262881805


Namibia: Caprivi vultures die of poisoning http://www.observer.com.na/national/1954-caprivi-vultures-die-of-poisoning

Diseases by organ affected


Diagnostic techniques


Links