African Wildlife Diseases
Welcome to African Wildlife Diseases
The diseases of African wildlife are important not only for wildlife itself. They are particularly important within the context of the interface between domestic animals, wildlife, humans, and the environment and have an impact on ecosystem health in its broadest sense subject to the consequences of intensification, the increasing competition for the dwindling amount of available land, and the changes in global weather patterns.
This Wiki aims to collate the knowledge of the diseases of African wildlife (land mammals, sea mammals, fish, birds, amphibians, and reptiles) on an on-going basis with emphasis on their epidemiological features, pathogenesis, pathology, diagnosis, and the broad features of managing the individual diseases. It presents current information about the various features obtained from all levels of the community dealing with these species, and all people that are interested in them and work with them.
The content deals with African wildlife within the context of recent developments related to wildlife on the continent. It thus takes congnisance of the patterns of disease associated with free-ranging wildlife, conservation areas and trans-frontier parks, and those in game ranching enterprises and breeding programmes for rare and endangered species.
The information provided is classified and entered according to the traditional causes of disease, and disease by species and organ affected as listed below. When clicking on the broad categories provided, you will be able, by following the relevant links, to access the required information. You can also use the search function on either the left-hand or top right-hand side (depending on the browser that you are using) of the page, to access the required information. In the space provided type in the name of the disease, or its cause.
The maps linked to this wiki strive to reflect the distribution of the various diseases according to country, province and district and as they relate to ecosystems, species distribution, meteorological data, and diseases patterns of humans and domesticated animals.
This site strives to provide information that is scientifically justified and accurate.
Rinderpest research restarts: As moratorium lifts, oversight is put in place to assess studies on eradicated cattle virus. http://www.nature.com/news/rinderpest-research-restarts-1.13394
MERS may have originated in South African bats, according to new genetic study http://www.medicaldaily.com/articles/17716/20130724/mers-south-africa-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-sars-like-virus.htm?goback=%2Egde_4150696_member_262882013
Climate Change and Infectious Diseases: From Evidence to a Predictive Framework http://www.sciencemag.org/content/341/6145/514
Human Parainfluenza Virus Type 3 in wild nonhuman primates, Zambia http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/19/9/12-1404_article.htm?s_cid=eid-gDev-email&utm_medium=email&utm_source=govdelivery
Rabies, canine distemper, and canine parvovirus exposure in large carnivore communities from Two Zambian ecosystems http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/pdfplus/10.1089/vbz.2012.1233
Identificaion of host blood from engorged mosquitoes collected in Western Uganda using cytochrome oxidase 1 genet sequences http://www.linkedin.com/redirect?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww%2Ejwildlifedis%2Eorg%2Fcontent%2F49%2F3%2F611%2Eabstract&urlhash=K1fW&_t=tracking_anet
First Estimate of Total Viruses in Mammals. Scientists estimate that there is a minimum of 320,000 viruses in mammals awaiting discovery. Collecting evidence of these viruses, or even a majority of them, they say, could provide information critical to early detection and mitigation of disease outbreaks in humans. This undertaking would cost approximately $6.3 billion, or $1.4 billion if limited to 85% of total viral diversity—a fraction of the economic impact of a major pandemic like SARS.Identifying viruses could help mitigate disease outbreaks; total cost less than a single pandemic http://www.linkedin.com/redirect?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww%2Emailman%2Ecolumbia%2Eedu%2Fnews%2Ffirst-estimate-total-viruses-mammals&urlhash=RyoR&_t=tracking_anet
Namibia: Combating animal rabies ...rabies in our kudu population is unique to Namibia and it is wreaking havoc with the kudu numbers. Whether these events occur due to increased game fencing, localised droughts that force kudus to congregate at limited feeding areas or whether it is part of inherent population control is an open question...
Current disease events
Further reports of bird flu in ostriches in South Africa. Source: OIE, WAHID weekly disease information 2013; 26 (27) <http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review?page_refer=MapFullEventReport&reportid=13707>
Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever in South Africa. Source: IOL News <http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/mpumalanga/mpumalanga-farmer-down-with-congofever-1.1543432#.Udxp9j54bVS>
Namibia: Anthrax Alert in Caprivi http://allafrica.com/stories/201307251057.html?goback=%2Egde_4150696_member_262881805
Namibia: Caprivi vultures die of poisoning http://www.observer.com.na/national/1954-caprivi-vultures-die-of-poisoning
Zimbabwe: Hwange cyanide elephant death toll reaches 81 http://www.linkedin.com/news?viewArticle=&articleID=5788693461959975001&gid=4150696&type=member&item=276495712&articleURL=http%3A%2F%2Fallafrica%2Ecom%2Fstories%2F201309250121%2Ehtml&urlhash=SEd1&goback=%2Egde_4150696_member_276495712
Rift Valley fever, Dorcas gazelle - Senegal: (kept in a reserve at Gueumbeul in the region of Saint-Louis), first report; OIE http://www.linkedin.com/redirect?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww%2Eoie%2Eint%2Fwahis_2%2Fpublic%2Fwahid%2Ephp%2FReviewreport%2FReview%3Fpage_refer%3DMapFullEventReport%26reportid%3D14138&urlhash=u7MF&_t=tracking_anet