Category:Ecological immunology

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Ecological immunology

Ecological immunology deals with the biotic and abiotic factors causing natural variation in immune functions and status of free-ranging individual animals and of populations of animals (Hawley and Altizer, 2011)[1]. This discipline focuses on the temporal and spatial variation in host-parasite interaction within the context of the influence of environment, multiple scales and the interaction between environment, and evolutionary changes in hosts and parasites.


  1. Hawley, D. M., & Altizer, S. M. (2011). Disease ecology meets ecological immunology: understanding the links between organismal immunity and infection dynamics in natural populations. Functional Ecology, 25, 48-60. http://dx.DOI.org/10.1111/j.1365-2435.2010.01753.x

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Pages in category "Ecological immunology"

This category contains only the following page.