Kudu

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Greater kudu

About the kudu. Also referred to as the greater kudu

Anatomical and physiological parameters

Diagnostic imaging

Normal blood parameters

[1] [2]

Blood values

Faecal cortisol analysis

Nutrition

[3] [4] [5] [6]

Milk composition

[7]

Normal growth patterns

Muscle - meat

[8] [9] [10] [11] [12]

Reproduction

[13]

Behaviour

Temperature regulation

[14]

Status

Developmental abnormalities and growth disturbances

Cornu cutaneum

[15]

Ichthyosis

[16]

Immunological dysfunctions

Physical causes of disease

Infectious diseases

[17]

Bacteria

Bacillus anthracis

[18] [19]

Brucella

[20]

Ehrlichia

[21] [22] [23]

Mycobacterium

[24] [25] [26] [27]

Viruses

Bluetongue and epizootic haemorrhagic disease

[28] [29] [30]

BVD

[31] [32]

Foot-and-mouth disease virus

[33] [34] [35]

Herpesvirus

[36]

Lyssavirus

[37] [38] [39] [40]

Malignant catarrhal fever

[41] [42]

Prions

[43] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48]

Protozoa

Toxoplasma

[49]

Trypanosoma

[50] [51]

Fungi

Parasites

[52] [53]

Free-ranging kudu normally harbour numerous internal and external parasites. These are often symbiotic inhabitants of no significance in terms of disease and their presence should be interpreted with circumspection. Examples of these parasites include: Demodex sp. mites in the hair follicles.

Parasitism by Elaeophora sagitta[54][55] is often seen in kudus as an incidental finding at necropsy. In other species (such as eland) this parasite has been recorded as a cause of death because of overwhelming infections.

Sarcocystis

[56]

Nutritional diseases

Deficiencies

[57]

Poisoning

Neoplasms

[58]

Ageing

Diseases of unknown cause

References

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  2. Cooper, A. C. D., Stuttaford, G. M., & Carmichael, I. H., 1975. Studies on the serum proteins of game animals in Botswana: A preliminary report. African Journal of Ecology, 13(2), 145-148. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.1975.tb00129.x
  3. Owen‐Smith, N., & Cooper, S. M., 1989. Nutritional ecology of a browsing ruminant, the kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros), through the seasonal cycle. Journal of Zoology, 219(1), 29-43. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1989.tb02563.x
  4. Owen-Smith, N., 1997. Control of energy balance by a wild ungulate, the kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) through adaptive foraging behaviour. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 56(1A), 15-24. http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/PNS19970006
  5. Van der Waal, C., Smit, G. N., & Grant, C. C., 2003. Faecal nitrogen as an indicator of the nutritional status of kudu in a semi-arid savanna. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 33(1), p-33. http://hdl.handle.net/10520/EJC117159
  6. Turkstra, J., Harthoorn, A. M., Beukes, P. J. L., & Brits, R. J. N., 1977. The influence of seasonal changes in the concentration of trace elements in liver tissue of various wild animals determined by instrumental neutron activation analysis. Journal of Radioanalytical Chemistry, 37(1), 473-481. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02520553
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  8. Hoffman, L. C., Mostert, A. C., Kidd, M., & Laubscher, L. L., 2009. Meat quality of kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) and impala (Aepyceros melampus): Carcass yield, physical quality and chemical composition of kudu and impala Longissimus dorsi muscle as affected by gender and age. Meat Science, 83(4), 788-795. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2009.08.022
  9. Hoffman, L. C., Mostert, A. C., & Laubscher, L. L., 2009. Meat quality of kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) and impala (Aepyceros melampus): The effect of gender and age on the fatty acid profile, cholesterol content and sensory characteristics of kudu and impala meat. Meat Science, 83(4), 737-743. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2009.08.026
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